AskDefine | Define pathology

Dictionary Definition



1 the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
2 any deviation from a healthy or normal condition

User Contributed Dictionary



From sc=polytonic and sc=polytonic.


  1. The branch of medicine concerned with the study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences.
  2. Any deviation from a healthy or normal condition; abnormality.


the branch of medicine
  • Dutch: pathologie
  • Finnish: patologia, tautioppi
  • French: pathologie
  • German: Pathologie
  • Hebrew: פתולוגיה
  • Icelandic: meinafræði, sjúkdómafræði
  • Japanese: 病理学 (byōrigaku)
  • Turkish: patoloji
  • Vietnamese: bệnh học, bệnh lý
an abnormality

Extensive Definition

Pathology is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs, tissues, bodily fluids and whole bodies (Autopsy). The term also encompasses the related scientific study of disease processes, called General pathology.
Medical pathology is divided in two main branches, Anatomical pathology and Clinical pathology. Veterinary pathology is concerned with animal disease whereas Phytopathology is the study of plant diseases.

History of pathology

General pathology

Pathology as a medical specialty

Anatomical pathology

Clinical pathology

Veterinary pathology

Plant pathology


See also

pathology in Arabic: علم الأمراض
pathology in Asturian: Patoloxía
pathology in Breton: Patologiezh
pathology in Bulgarian: Патология
pathology in Catalan: Patologia
pathology in Czech: Patologie
pathology in Danish: Patologi
pathology in German: Pathologie
pathology in Spanish: Patología
pathology in Esperanto: Patologio
pathology in French: Pathologie
pathology in Armenian: Ախտաֆիզիոլոգիա
pathology in Croatian: Patologija
pathology in Indonesian: Patologi
pathology in Icelandic: Meinafræði
pathology in Italian: Patologia
pathology in Hebrew: פתולוגיה
pathology in Hungarian: Patológia
pathology in Malay (macrolanguage): Patologi
pathology in Dutch: Pathologie
pathology in Nepali: रोगशास्त्र
pathology in Japanese: 病理学
pathology in Norwegian: Patologi
pathology in Norwegian Nynorsk: Patologi
pathology in Portuguese: Patologia
pathology in Russian: Патология
pathology in Albanian: Patologjia
pathology in Slovak: Patológia
pathology in Slovenian: Patologija
pathology in Serbian: Патологија
pathology in Sundanese: Patologi
pathology in Finnish: Patologia
pathology in Swedish: Patologi
pathology in Telugu: రోగ నిర్ణయ శాస్త్రము
pathology in Thai: พยาธิวิทยา
pathology in Turkish: Patoloji
pathology in Ukrainian: Патологія
pathology in Urdu: امراضیات
pathology in Chinese: 病理学

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abnormality, acute disease, affection, affliction, ailment, allergic disease, allergy, atrophy, bacterial disease, birth defect, blight, cardiovascular disease, chronic disease, circulatory disease, complaint, complication, condition, congenital defect, defect, deficiency disease, deformity, degenerative disease, disability, disease, disorder, distemper, endemic, endemic disease, endocrine disease, epidemic disease, functional disease, fungus disease, gastrointestinal disease, genetic disease, handicap, hereditary disease, iatrogenic disease, illness, indisposition, infectious disease, infirmity, malady, malaise, morbidity, morbus, muscular disease, neurological disease, nutritional disease, occupational disease, organic disease, pandemic disease, pathological condition, plant disease, protozoan disease, psychosomatic disease, respiratory disease, rockiness, secondary disease, seediness, sickishness, sickness, signs, symptomatology, symptomology, symptoms, syndrome, the pip, urogenital disease, virus disease, wasting disease, worm disease
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